Everyone knows that smoking would be bad for their health. Smoking can lead to various diseases such as cancer, heart disease, stroke, impotence, and many other health disorders. The World Health Organization (WHO), said more than 4 million people died every year caused by smoking and the habit of sucking up smoking and oddly enough, the amount of any smokers continues to increase each year.
Everyone who has ever tried to quit smoking very know that it is verydifficult to do. That's because smoking contains addictive substances, and can lead to addiction. The cause certainly is the nicotine contained in tobacco smoking.
The nicotine in cigarettes causes addiction.
How Does Nicotine Work?
When a person inhaling cigarette smoke, nicotine is distilled from tobacco and carried by the smoke particles into the lungs which then is absorbed quickly into the Pulmonary veins pulmonaris.
Then, the nicotine particles entering the arterial circulation and moves towards the brain. Nicotine will easily flow into the brain tissue, where these particles would bind receptors nAChRs, ionotropik receptors(ligand-gated ion channel) that opens to allow cation such as sodiumand calcium across the membrane in responding to a more binding chemical messengers, such as neurotransmitters.
One of these neurotransmitters are dopamine, which may improve your mood and enable a feeling happy. The effect of nicotine in tobacco this is what being is the main reason that makes tobacco and cigarettes are highly addictive.
Nicotine dependence involves physiological and behavioral factors. Behavior and gestures that may be associated with smoking, including :
- Certain times in one day, for example, smoking while you get some coffee and breakfast, or when the working hours of rest
- After eating
- Coupled with drinking alcoholic beverages
- Certain places or certain people
- When calling
- Under pressure, or when you're feeling sad
- See other people's smoke, or smell of cigarettes
- When driving
Signs and Symptoms Of Nicotine Addiction
In some people, smoking can very quickly cause nicotine dependence although consumed only in small amounts. Here are some signs and symptoms of nicotine addiction :
- Can't Stop Smoking
Even though you have tried several times to quit smoking.
- You Are Having "Screwed Up Mentally" When Quitting
All stop smoking experiments you have done cause signs and symptoms of messed up either physical or mental, mood changes, such as a very severe cravings, anxiety and nervousness, irritability or anger, anxiety, concentration difficult, feeling depressed, frustration, anger, increased hunger, insomnia, and constipation or diarrhea.
- Keep Smoking While Having Health Problems
Even though you have undiagnosed health problems that are related to the heart or lungs, you can't and/or being able to stop.
- You Are More Concerned With Being Able To Smoke Than Do Social Or Recreational Activities
You might prefer to no longer visit a restaurantat all because the rules of the restaurant smoking ban, or prefer not to socialize with those non-smokers because you can't smoke in the situation or in a particular location.
Is There Any Effective Treatment For Overcoming Nicotine Addiction?
In addition to initiating lifestyle changes that are more healthy, way below proven to treat nicotine addiction you are against:
- Alternative Nicotine Products
Or better known as NRT (Nicotine Replacement Therapy). For example the nicotine gum or a nicotine patch. This therapy will substantiate Your nicotine needs to lighten the effect of "Chaotic Mental" of quitting. These products produce a more physiological changes can be tolerated rather than systemic effects of tobacco-based products, and generally supply users with nicotine levels are much lower than a cigarette.
This type of therapy has the potential side effects of nicotine abuse are low, because they do not produce fun effects and soothing that you can get from tobacco products. NRT also does not contain carcinogenic compounds and pollutants commonly associated with cigarette smoke.
- Prescription Drugs (Bupropion and Varenicline)
Bupropion is an antidepressant drug which can also be used to help people quit smoking. Bupropion does not contain nicotine, but still be able to cope with the patient's desire to smoke. Bupropion is often used within 7-12 week, starting 1-2 weeks before quitting. These drugs can be used for the maintenance of smoking cessation up to six months. Possible side effects experienced are insomnia and dry mouth.
Varenicline is a drug that will target the brain's response to nicotine addiction by blocking nicotine intake before getting into the membranes of the brain and lose the craving to smoke. Many studies have proven that varenicline is more effective in helping people quit smoking, because this successful tablet drugs stimulate dopamine receptorsnicotine to intercept to work. Varenicline reduces signs and Symptoms "sakaw" flavor and nicotine cravings, which may help prevent relapse in total. This drug can also block the effects of nicotine even if you go back to smoke again.